How many designs and types of footwear are manufactured and sold ?

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                     Basic of shoes


The purpose of this module is to familiarize you with the:

  • Basic Parts of a shoe
  • Shoe materials
  • Shoe styles
  • Shoe constructions 

The two major parts of a shoe are the upper and the bottom

  • Upper: The upper is comprised of the:
    • Quarters: The quarters enclose the sides and back of the foot and are joined at the back seam.
    • Vamp: The vamp covers the toe and forepart or front of the shoe.
    • Toe/toe cap: The toe/toe cap refers only to the foremost (most forward) area of the shoe.
    • Feather edge: The feather edge is not really part of the upper . It is the lower extremity where the upper meets the sole or insole.
    • Lasting Allowance: When the patterns are cut, an additional margin of material is added to the feather edge fro stitching. This is what is called the lasting allowance.
    • Counter: A simple shoe is made up
    • of two quarters, which are joined at the back. It is sometimes desirable, however, to eliminate this back heel seam so that the back of the shoe is cut as one piece. When this is done, that one piece is called a counter.
    • Wing Cap: The wing cap os a conventional toe cap set squarely across the shoe. A wing cap is angled back to give a streamline effect.
    • Tongue: The tongue is a strip of material found under the lacing or fastening of the shoe. A vamp may have a separate tongue or the vamp and tongue may be cut all in one piece.
    • Quarter facings: The front panels at the lace-up area of the shoe are called facings or quarter facings. The facings may either be separate piece or part of the quarter.
    • Topline or quarter topline: the top of the shoe which surrounds 
      •  the opening of the foot is called the topline or quarter topline.
      • Backstrap: Since the heel seam is often subjected to considerable strain both in lasting and wear. It is common to reinforce it with backstrap.
    • All the upper pieces are fully lined with one or more linings. The linings of the shoe help grip the foot and cover the inside materials.


      Bottom components

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answered May 29 by shoe abc
How to start a shoe business ?
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Different type of shoes as per design 

As per design type there are the following type of shoes are available. 

True Moccasin:

A True Moccasin
  • Upper material passes under the foot without seams
  • Has an apron on top and is hand sewn together
  • Most flexible type of construction.

Oxford Shoe:

A Oxford Shoe
  • A general term indicating a low-cut shoe with lacing over the strep.
  • Front edges of the quarter are stitched under each the rear edge (throat and wings) so that the eyelet facings (or tabs) cannot see palate at the bottom.
  • Comes in many variations.

Derby Shoe:

A Derby Shoe
  • Different from the oxford only in that the front edges of the quarters are stitched on top of the vamp and only as far as the tabs so these can open.
  • Usually a different corner between the front of the tab and the curve of the side seam instead of a continuous curve.


Pump Shoe
  • A low-cut design exposing the instep and because it fits snugly it has no means of fastening.


Sneaker Shoe
  • Has light weight moulded or injected sole and textile upper material.
  • Sometimes has a cord wrapped all around a cemented sole.

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answered May 30 by shoe abc
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Different type of shoes as per design 

Monk Strap:

Monk strap shoe
  • Strap is over the instep.
  • Has a one or two piece of upper

Brogue -

  • A rugged look obtained by rows of punching and gimping (started edges) on the cap and quarters.

  • Designed to meet the requirement of a professional or amateur athlete is a particular type of sports.

Strap Shoes  
  • Any shoe secured by means of a strep.
  • There are several type of strap shoes like- T-strap, Sling Back, Sandal etc.

  • A micro cellular or EVA sole with rubber or PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) straps inserted through the sole in pre-drilled holes.

  • A general term denoting a style covering the foot height than the ankle  OR higher 
  • There are many variations 

  • A woman or girls shoe with a very low heel and sole.
  • Same as pumps without the heel difference 
    answered May 30 by shoe abc